ChemSpider 2D Image | Adenine | C5H5N5


  • Molecular FormulaC5H5N5
  • Average mass135.127 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass135.054489 Da
  • ChemSpider ID185

More details:

Featured data source

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

1H-Purin-6-amin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1H-Purin-6-amine [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1H-Purin-6-amine [French] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1H-Purine, 6-amino- [ACD/Index Name]
200-796-1 [EINECS]

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

4-26-00-03561 [Beilstein] [DBID]
AU6125000 [DBID]
JAC85A2161 [DBID]
MFCD00041790 [DBID] [MDL number]
608603 [Beilstein] [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      white crystalline solid OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Moisture-sensitive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      Organic Compound; Amine; Drug; Food Toxin; Dietary Supplement; Micronutrient; Metabolite; Nutraceutical; Animal Toxin; Natural Compound; Supplement Toxin, Toxin-Target Database T3D4279
      ORL-RAT LD50 227 mg kg-1, IPR-RAT LD50 198 mg kg-1, ORL-MUS LD50 783 mg kg-1, IPR-MUS LD50 100 mg kg-1, IVN-MUS LD50 > 30 mg kg-1 OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      22 Alfa Aesar A14906
      36 Alfa Aesar A14906
      6.1 Alfa Aesar A14906
      Danger Alfa Aesar A14906
      DANGER: POISON, irritates skin, eyes, lungs Alfa Aesar A14906
      H301 Alfa Aesar A14906
      Minimize contact. OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      P264-P270-P301+P310-P321-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A14906
    • Target Organs:

      Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analogue TargetMol T0064
    • Chemical Class:

      The parent compound of the 6-aminopurines, composed of a purine having an amino group at C-6. ChEBI CHEBI:16708
    • Compound Source:

      adenine and adenosine salvage II PlantCyc ADENINE
      adenine salvage PlantCyc ADENINE
      Aegilops tauschii PlantCyc ADENINE
      Amaranthus hypochondriacus PlantCyc ADENINE
      Amborella trichopoda PlantCyc ADENINE
      Anacardium occidentale PlantCyc ADENINE
      Ananas comosus PlantCyc ADENINE
      Aquilegia coerulea PlantCyc ADENINE
      Arabidopsis halleri PlantCyc ADENINE
      Arabidopsis lyrata PlantCyc ADENINE
      Arabidopsis thaliana col PlantCyc ADENINE
      Asparagus officinalis PlantCyc ADENINE
      Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris PlantCyc ADENINE
      Boechera stricta PlantCyc ADENINE
      Brachypodium distachyon PlantCyc ADENINE
      Brassica napus PlantCyc ADENINE
      Brassica oleracea var. capitata PlantCyc ADENINE
      Brassica oleracea var. oleracea PlantCyc ADENINE
      Brassica rapa FPsc PlantCyc ADENINE
      Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis PlantCyc ADENINE
      Calotropis gigantea PlantCyc ADENINE
      Camptotheca acuminata PlantCyc ADENINE
      Cannabis sativa PlantCyc ADENINE
      Capsella grandiflora PlantCyc ADENINE
      Capsella rubella PlantCyc ADENINE
      Capsicum annuum PlantCyc ADENINE
      Carica papaya PlantCyc ADENINE
      Catharanthus roseus PlantCyc ADENINE
      Chenopodium quinoa PlantCyc ADENINE
      Chlamydomonas reinhardtii PlantCyc ADENINE
      Chromochloris zofingiensis PlantCyc ADENINE
      Cicer arietinum PlantCyc ADENINE
      Citrus clementina PlantCyc ADENINE
      Citrus sinensis PlantCyc ADENINE
      Coccomyxa subellipsoidea C-169 PlantCyc ADENINE
      Corchorus capsularis PlantCyc ADENINE
      Cucumis sativus PlantCyc ADENINE
      cytokinins degradation PlantCyc ADENINE
      Daucus carota subsp. sativus PlantCyc ADENINE
      Dianthus caryophyllus PlantCyc ADENINE
      Dioscorea rotundata PlantCyc ADENINE
      Eucalyptus grandis PlantCyc ADENINE
      Eutrema salsugineum PlantCyc ADENINE
      Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca PlantCyc ADENINE
      Glycine max PlantCyc ADENINE
      Gossypium raimondii PlantCyc ADENINE
      Helianthus annuus PlantCyc ADENINE
      Hordeum vulgare subsp. vulgare PlantCyc ADENINE
      Humulus lupulus var. lupulus PlantCyc ADENINE
      Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi PlantCyc ADENINE
      Kalanchoe laxiflora PlantCyc ADENINE
      Leersia perrieri PlantCyc ADENINE
      Linum usitatissimum PlantCyc ADENINE
      Lotus japonicus PlantCyc ADENINE
      Malus domestica PlantCyc ADENINE
      Manihot esculenta PlantCyc ADENINE
      Marchantia polymorpha PlantCyc ADENINE
      Medicago truncatula PlantCyc ADENINE
      Micromonas commoda RCC299 PlantCyc ADENINE
      Micromonas pusilla CCMP1545 PlantCyc ADENINE
      Mimulus guttatus PlantCyc ADENINE
      Miscanthus sinensis PlantCyc ADENINE
      Musa acuminata PlantCyc ADENINE
      Nicotiana tabacum PlantCyc ADENINE
      Olea europaea var. sylvestris PlantCyc ADENINE
      Organic Nitrogen Assimilation PlantCyc ADENINE
      Oropetium thomaeum PlantCyc ADENINE
      Oryza brachyantha PlantCyc ADENINE
      Oryza glaberrima PlantCyc ADENINE
      Oryza punctata PlantCyc ADENINE
      Oryza rufipogon PlantCyc ADENINE
      Oryza sativa Japonica Group PlantCyc ADENINE
      Ostreococcus lucimarinus PlantCyc ADENINE
      Panicum hallii PlantCyc ADENINE
      Panicum virgatum PlantCyc ADENINE
      Petunia axillaris PlantCyc ADENINE
      Phaseolus vulgaris PlantCyc ADENINE
      Physcomitrella patens PlantCyc ADENINE
      Populus trichocarpa PlantCyc ADENINE
      Prunus persica PlantCyc ADENINE
      purine uptake PlantCyc ADENINE
      Ricinus communis PlantCyc ADENINE
      Rosa chinensis PlantCyc ADENINE
      Rosa multiflora PlantCyc ADENINE
      Salvia miltiorrhiza PlantCyc ADENINE
      Selaginella moellendorffii PlantCyc ADENINE
      Setaria italica PlantCyc ADENINE
      Setaria viridis PlantCyc ADENINE
      S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation I PlantCyc ADENINE
      S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation II PlantCyc ADENINE
      Solanum lycopersicum PlantCyc ADENINE
      Solanum melongena PlantCyc ADENINE
      Solanum pennellii PlantCyc ADENINE
      Solanum tuberosum PlantCyc ADENINE
      Sorghum bicolor PlantCyc ADENINE
      Sphagnum fallax PlantCyc ADENINE
      Spinacia oleracea PlantCyc ADENINE
      Spirodela polyrhiza PlantCyc ADENINE
      Thellungiella parvula PlantCyc ADENINE
      Theobroma cacao PlantCyc ADENINE
      Trifolium pratense PlantCyc ADENINE
      Triticum aestivum PlantCyc ADENINE
      Triticum urartu PlantCyc ADENINE
      Vitis vinifera PlantCyc ADENINE
      Volvox carteri PlantCyc ADENINE
      Zea mays subsp. mays PlantCyc ADENINE
      Zostera marina PlantCyc ADENINE
    • Bio Activity:

      5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate + adenine -> AMP + diphosphate PlantCyc ADENINE
      adenine + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate -> AMP + diphosphate PlantCyc ADENINE
      adenine + adenine + H2O + H+ + H+ + H2O -> hypoxanthine + ammonium + ammonium + hypoxanthine PlantCyc ADENINE
      adenine + H+ + H2O -> ammonium + hypoxanthine PlantCyc ADENINE
      Adenine is a purine derivative and a nucleobase with a variety of roles in biochemistry. MedChem Express, HY-B0152
      Adenine is a purine derivative and a nucleobase with a variety of roles in biochemistry. ;Target: Nucleoside antimetabolite/analogAdenine is a nucleobase with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energy-rich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), andprotein synthesis, as a chemical component of DNA and RNA. The shape of adenine is complementary to either thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA.;In older literature, adenine was sometimes called Vitamin B4. It is no longer considered a true vitamin or part of the Vitamin B complex. However, two B vitamins, niacin and riboflavin, bind with adenine to form the essential cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), respectively. Hermann Emil Fischer was one of the early scientists to study adenine. Experiments performed in 1961 by Joan Or? have shown that a la MedChem Express HY-B0152
      Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase TargetMol T0064
      adenine[extracellular space] + H+[extracellular space] -> adenine[cytosol] + H+[cytosol] PlantCyc ADENINE
      adenosine + H2O -> D-ribofuranose + adenine PlantCyc ADENINE
      AMP + diphosphate <- 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate + adenine PlantCyc ADENINE
      Cell Cycle/DNA Damage MedChem Express HY-B0152
      Cell Cycle/DNA Damage; MedChem Express HY-B0152
      cis-zeatin + FAD + H2O + H+ -> 3-methyl-4-cis-hydroxy-2-butenal + adenine + FADH2 PlantCyc ADENINE
      DNA Damage/DNA Repair TargetMol T0064
      N6-dimethylallyladenine + FAD + H2O + H+ -> 3-methyl-2-butenal + adenine + FADH2 PlantCyc ADENINE
      Nucleoside antimetabolite/analog MedChem Express HY-B0152
      S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine + H2O -> S-methyl-5-thio-D-ribose + adenine PlantCyc ADENINE
      S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine + phosphate -> adenine + S-(methyl-5-thio-alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate PlantCyc ADENINE
      trans-zeatin + FAD + H2O + H+ -> adenine + 3-methyl-4-trans-hydroxy-2-butenal + FADH2 PlantCyc ADENINE
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1512 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_228448, replib_193874, replib_335130
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1836 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 73245; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pellicer, L.V., Comparison of Sensory Characteristics, and Instrumental flavor Compounds Analysis of Milk Produced by Three Proction Methods. A Thesis presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School University of Missouri-Columbia, 2007.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module, version: 14.00

Density: 1.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 243.2±50.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.5 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 48.0±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 100.9±30.1 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.954
Molar Refractivity: 34.6±0.5 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 5
#H bond donors: 3
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: -2.12
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -2.45
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -2.06
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.00
Polar Surface Area: 75 Å2
Polarizability: 13.7±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 96.6±7.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 71.5±7.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency�s EPISuite™

 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  -0.73
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  -0.09
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  -0.05
       Exper. Ref:  Lam,SP et al. (1989)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  387.10  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  153.32  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  2.45E-009  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  360 dec deg C
    VP  (exp database):  4.46E-11 mm Hg at 25 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 9.17E-008 mm Hg (25 deg C, exp database VP )

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  4739
       log Kow used: -0.05 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1030 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1e+006 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1030.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aromatic Amines

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   7.02E-014  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  9.192E-014 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  -0.05  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -11.542  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  11.492
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.4495
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.3064
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.7656  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.5444  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.1689
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.0862
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.3674
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.22E-005 Pa (9.17E-008 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 11.492
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  0.245 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.0762 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.899 
       Mackay model           :  0.952 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.859 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 200.0000 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.053 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     0.642 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.925 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  19.35
      Log Koc:  1.287 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: -0.05 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  7.02E-014 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 9.695E+009  hours   (4.04E+008 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 1.058E+011  hours   (4.407E+009 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.85  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.76  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       3.42e-005       1.28         1000       
   Water     38.5            360          1000       
   Soil      61.4            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0711          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 582 hr


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